By DOUG FERGUSON, AP Golf Author
A capsule have a look at the 29 earlier British Opens performed on the Outdated Course at St. Andrews:
Tom Kidd received the primary Open held on the Outdated Course with the very best 36-hole rating ever, 179, for a one-shot victory over Jamie Anderson. He beat a 26-man area, most of them native, on a soggy St. Andrews. The Fifeshire Journal report stated of Kidd, “As a participant, he’s possible to enhance.” He died 11 years later at age 35.
In probably the most weird endings, Bob Martin and David Strath completed at 176. On the seventeenth, Strath’s third shot hit a participant within the group forward that was placing out, holding the ball from happening the street. The committee determined there can be a playoff in two days, sufficient time to evaluate whether or not Strath needs to be disqualified for hitting to the opening whereas gamers have been nonetheless on the inexperienced. Strath refused to participate in a playoff below such situations, and Martin was declared the winner.
Jamie Anderson had a 169 for a three-stroke victory over Andrew Kirkaldy and James Allan. He joined Younger Tom Morris as the one males to win the Open three straight occasions.
Bob Ferguson, a caddie by commerce, threatened to change into the primary participant to interrupt 80 in an Open at St. Andrews. He had 83, and completed at 181 to defeat Willie Fernie by three strokes. It additionally was his third straight Open title. He later returned to work as a caddie and greenskeeper.
What the native newspaper referred to as a “stiff breeze,” the nationwide Every day Mail referred to as “equinoctial gales.” In such climate, Bob Martin grew to become the primary two-time Open winner at St. Andrews with a 171, one stroke higher than Archie Simpson.
Jack Burns received the Open by one stroke, however solely after an faulty rating had been reported. Burns, Anderson and Ben Sayers every completed at 172, however it was found that Burns truly went out in 46 — not 47 — and he was declared the champion. Burns later moved again to St. Andrews to work on the railways. Davie Anderson Jr. grew to become the primary participant to interrupt 40 on the inward 9.
Hugh Kirkaldy, with a full swing within the model of John Daly, had no worse than a 5 on his scorecard. He went out in 38 and got here in with 9 straight 5s on his card for an additional 83. He completed at 166 for a two-stroke victory over brother Andrew Kirkaldy and Willie Fernie.
J.H. Taylor trailed Sandy Herd by three strokes going into the ultimate spherical, however closed with a 78 — one of the best rating of the day by 4 strokes — to complete 4 forward of Herd at 322.
J.H. Taylor led wire-to-wire to win his third Open at 309, eight strokes forward of Harry Vardon. Taylor produced the low rating in all 4 rounds, a feat that also has by no means been repeated in any main championship.
This would possibly sound acquainted: To counteract the brand new Haskell rubber-core ball, tees have been lengthened and extra pot bunkers have been added to the Outdated Course. Solely a dozen scores below 80 have been recorded, and James Braid had a 318, the very best Open rating in 10 years, to win by 5 strokes over J.H. Taylor and Rowland Jones.
James Braid received his fifth Open with a 299, topping the earlier 72-hole document at St. Andrews by 10 pictures and beating Sandy Herd by 4. Braid was two pictures behind going into the final spherical, however 54-hole chief George Duncan closed with an 83.
Jock Hutchinson set an Open document with a 70 within the final spherical to tie newbie Roger Wethered at 296. He beat Wethered by 9 strokes (150-159) in a 36-hole playoff for his second straight main.
Bobby Jones grew to become the primary newbie to win back-to-back Opens with a wire-to-wire victory for a 285, the bottom rating in both a U.S. or British Open. He received by six strokes over Aubrey Boomer and Fred Robson.
Denny Shute, greatest recognized for back-to-back victories within the PGA Championship, received his first main with 4 straight rounds of 73 for a 292. He beat Craig Wooden by 5 pictures (149-154) in a 36-hole playoff. Over the following two years, Wooden was runner-up within the Masters, U.S. Open and PGA Championship.
Dick Burton overcame a 77 within the third spherical to shut with a 71 and end at 290 for a two-stroke victory over Johnny Bulla. Burton set one unlucky document. He held the claret jug for seven years as a result of World Conflict II canceled the Open till 1946.
Sam Snead was one of many few Individuals who journeyed throughout the Atlantic for the primary postwar Open. Because the practice pulled into St. Andrews and he noticed the Outdated Course for the primary time, he wasn’t certain what it was. “What deserted course is that this?” he stated to the person subsequent to him. Snead discovered to respect the course, and he closed with a 75 to complete at 290, 4 pictures forward of Johnny Bulla.
Peter Thomson received his second straight Open. He was the one participant at par or higher all 4 rounds and completed at 281 for a two-stroke victory over Johnny Fallon. Byron Nelson, retired for almost 10 years, completed thirty third at 296.
The end of the British Open was on dwell tv for the primary time, and viewers noticed Bobby Locke finish Peter Thomson’s run of three straight Open championships. Locke received his fourth claret jug, closing with 68-70 to complete at 279 for a three-shot victory over Thomson.
The trendy idea of a Grand Slam began at St. Andrews when Arnold Palmer confirmed up having received the Masters and the U.S. Open. His hard-charging 68 within the remaining spherical got here up one stroke wanting Kel Nagle, who received at 278. Extra importantly, Palmer’s presence was the beginning of extra Individuals coming to the Open.
“Champagne” Tony Lema received the Open in his first try with a stellar efficiency. He led Jack Nicklaus by seven pictures going into the final day, closed with a 70 and at 279 completed 5 pictures forward of Nicklaus. Two years later, Lema was killed in a aircraft crash.
Jack Nicklaus wanted some assist to win his first Open on the dwelling of golf. Doug Sanders had an opportunity to win in regulation, however missed a 3-foot par putt on the 18th gap to pressure an 18-hole playoff. Nicklaus drove via the 18th inexperienced within the playoff, chipped as much as 8 ft and made birdie to win by one shot.
Jack Nicklaus received his third and final Open, and have become the primary participant since J.H. Taylor in 1900 to win consecutive Opens at St. Andrews. He closed with a 69 to complete at 281, two strokes forward of Ben Crenshaw, Ray Floyd, Tom Kite and Simon Owen.
Seve Ballesteros denied Tom Watson a record-tying sixth Open title with a par on the seventeenth and a birdie on the 18th for a 69. Watson was tied with Ballesteros till hitting over the seventeenth to inside two ft of the wall on the Highway Gap, dropping a pricey shot. Ballesteros completed at 276, two pictures forward of Watson and Bernhard Langer. Watson received the claret jug on 5 hyperlinks programs, however by no means at St. Andrews.
Nick Faldo set a document for the bottom rating to par in a serious at 18-under 270, which later was matched after which topped by Tiger Woods. He completed 5 strokes forward of Mark McNulty and Payne Stewart, however the Open was received on Saturday. Tied with Greg Norman, Faldo had a 67 to Norman’s 76, a thrashing that may repeat itself six years later within the remaining spherical of the Masters.
John Daly overpowered the Outdated Course for his second main championship, once more at a time when nobody anticipated it. He closed with a 71 for 6-under 282 and appeared to have the Open wrapped up when Costantino Rocca, needing birdie on the 18th gap to pressure a playoff, duffed a chip. Rocca then rolled in a 60-foot putt throughout the Valley of Sin, however Daly received the four-hole playoff by 4 pictures.
Tiger Woods made historical past on the Outdated Course by changing into the youngest participant, at age 24, to finish the profession Grand Slam. He constructed a six-shot lead going into the ultimate spherical, was challenged briefly by David Duval, and closed with a 69 to win by eight pictures over Thomas Bjorn and Ernie Els. His 19-under 269 beat Faldo’s document for lowest rating in relation to par at a serious. Maybe essentially the most astounding feat was that Woods by no means hit right into a bunker over 72 holes.
Tiger Woods grew to become the fifth participant to win the Open twice at St. Andrews. He took the lead with a birdie on the ninth gap of the opening spherical and by no means gave it again over the ultimate 63 holes. Colin Montgomerie shot 70 to Woods’ 71 within the final group on Saturday, elevating Scottish hopes, however Woods closed with a 2-under 70 for a five-shot victory over Montgomerie. Jack Nicklaus birdied his remaining gap Friday however nonetheless missed the minimize in his 164th and remaining main championship.
Louis Oosthuizen barely beat the wind in his second-round of 67 that gave him a five-shot lead. Rory McIlroy, who opened with a 63, was caught within the gale and shot 80 within the second spherical. Oosthuizen led over the ultimate 48 holes, made solely two bogeys on a windswept weekend, and closed with a 71 for a seven-shot victory over Lee Westwood. Tiger Woods, in his bid to win a 3rd straight Open at St. Andrews, tied for twenty third.
Within the first Monday end since 1988 due to a quick rain delay Friday and a 10-hour wind delay Saturday, Zach Johnson received a three-man playoff that gave him a silver claret jug to go along with a inexperienced jacket he received on the 2007 Masters. Johnson defeated Marc Leishman and Louis Oosthuizen within the four-hole playoff. Jordan Spieth bogeyed the seventeenth gap and missed the playoff by one shot, ending his bid for a calendar Grand Slam.
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